The Paris Agreement is a international treaty that was adopted in 2015 to address climate change. It is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
The Paris Agreement has been signed by nearly 200 countries, and it aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help countries adapt to the impacts of climate change. It also establishes a framework for countries to cooperate and support each other in achieving their climate goals.
The Paris Agreement is a voluntary treaty, and each country is responsible for setting its own emissions reduction targets. These targets are reviewed and updated every five years to ensure that countries are making progress towards the overall goal of limiting global warming.
The Paris Agreement is seen as a crucial step towards addressing climate change and transitioning to a low-carbon global economy. It is a key component of the international effort to combat climate change and protect the environment for future generations.
The Paris Agreement includes a number of provisions to achieve this goal, including:
Nationally determined contributions: Each country sets its own targets for reducing emissions, known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs). These targets are reviewed and updated every five years.
Transparency and accountability: The agreement includes provisions for countries to regularly report on their emissions and progress towards their NDCs. This allows for transparency and accountability, and helps ensure that countries are meeting their commitments.
Climate finance: The agreement includes provisions for developed countries to provide financial support to developing countries to help them transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
Global stocktake: The agreement includes a periodic review, known as the global stocktake, to assess progress towards achieving the goals of the agreement and to determine if more ambitious action is needed.
The Paris Agreement is a significant step in the global fight against climate change. It provides a framework for countries to work together to reduce emissions and limit global warming.